Advances in outcomes measurement in rehabilitation medicine: Current initiatives from the national institutes of health and the national institute on disability and rehabilitation research

David S. Tulsky*, Noelle E. Carlozzi, David Cella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The articles in this supplement present recent advances in the measurement of patient-reported health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) outcomes. Specifically, these articles highlight the combined efforts of the National Institutes of Health, National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Center on Medical Rehabilitation Research, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, and Department of Veterans Affairs Rehabilitation Research and Development Service to improve HRQOL measurement. In addition, this supplement is intended to provide rehabilitation professionals with information about these efforts and the implications that these advances in outcomes measurement have for rehabilitation medicine and clinical practice. These new measurement scales use state-of-the-art method techniques, including item response theory and computerized adaptive testing. In addition, scale development involves both qualitative and quantitative methods, as well as the administration of items to hundreds or even thousands of research participants. The scales deliberately have been built with overlap of items between scales so that linkages and equivalency scores can be computed. Ultimately, these scales should facilitate direct comparison of outcomes instruments across studies and will serve as standard data elements across research trials without compromising the specificity of disease- or condition-targeted measures. This supplement includes the initial publications for many of these new measurement initiatives, each of which provides researchers and clinicians with better tools for evaluation of the efficacy of their interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S1-S6
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Volume92
Issue number10 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Health-related quality of life
  • Outcome assessment (health care)
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Quality of life
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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