Advances in pediatric acute kidney injury pharmacology and nutrition: a report from the 26th Acute Disease Quality Initiative (ADQI) consensus conference

the ADQI 26 workgroup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In the past decade, there have been substantial advances in our understanding of pediatric AKI. Despite this progress, large gaps remain in our understanding of pharmacology and nutritional therapy in pediatric AKI. Methods: During the 26th Acute Disease Quality Initiative (ADQI) Consensus Conference, a multidisciplinary group of experts reviewed the evidence and used a modified Delphi process to achieve consensus on recommendations for gaps and advances in care for pharmacologic and nutritional management of pediatric AKI. The current evidence as well as gaps and opportunities were discussed, and recommendations were summarized. Results: Two consensus statements were developed. (1) High-value, kidney-eliminated medications should be selected for a detailed characterization of their pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and pharmaco-“omics” in sick children across the developmental continuum. This will allow for the optimization of real-time modeling with the goal of improving patient care. Nephrotoxin stewardship will be identified as an organizational priority and supported with necessary resources and infrastructure. (2) Patient-centered outcomes (functional status, quality of life, and optimal growth and development) must drive targeted nutritional interventions to optimize short- and long-term nutrition. Measures of acute and chronic changes of anthropometrics, body composition, physical function, and metabolic control should be incorporated into nutritional assessments. Conclusions: Neonates and children have unique metabolic and growth parameters compared to adult patients. Strategic investments in multidisciplinary translational research efforts are required to fill the knowledge gaps in nutritional requirements and pharmacological best practices for children with or at risk for AKI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)981-992
Number of pages12
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • Acute kidney injury
  • Development
  • Neonates
  • Nutrition
  • Pediatrics
  • Pharmacology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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