Advances in the pharmacological management of acute myeloid leukemia in adults

Yazan Numan, Yasmin Abaza, Jessica K. Altman, Leonidas C. Platanias*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: With advances in molecular medicine and precision approaches, there has been significant improvement in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in recent years. This reflects better understanding of molecular and metabolic pathways in leukemia cells, including BCL2 upregulation that prevents apoptosis, FLT3 tyrosine kinase activating mutations that allow uncontrolled proliferation, and IDH mutations that result in differentiation block. Areas covered: We performed a compressive review of important pre-clinical studies in AML that involve major molecular and metabolic pathways in AML, and we discussed standard therapeutic modalities and ongoing clinical trials for patients with AML, as well as an overall update of recent efforts in this area. Expert opinion: Targeting these pathways has resulted in improvement in the overall survival of some groups of AML patients. Secondary AML and TP53 mutated AML remain challenging subtypes of AML with limited treatment options and represent areas of unmet research need. Ongoing work with menin inhibitors in MLL rearranged leukemia, which comprise a large portion of secondary AML cases, the development of CAR T cell products and targeting the CD47 receptor on macrophages in myeloid neoplasms including in TP53 mutated AML have provided hope for these challenging subtypes of AML.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1535-1543
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Volume23
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • FLT3
  • TP53
  • menin inhibitors
  • venetoclax

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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