Adverse Events Related to Partial Splenic Embolization for the Treatment of Hypersplenism: A Systematic Review

Abhinav Talwar, Ahmed Gabr, Ahsun Riaz, Kush Desai, Bartley Thornburg, Samdeep Mouli, Robert J. Lewandowski, Riad Salem*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Partial splenic embolization is a common procedure that reduces thrombocytopenia in patients with hypersplenism. The present review evaluated the adverse event profile of partial splenic embolization detailed in 30 articles. Although the technical success rate of the procedure in these papers is high, many patients experienced postprocedural complications. Minor complications such as postembolization syndrome occurred frequently. Major complications were less frequent but sometimes resulted in mortality. Underlying liver dysfunction and high infarction rates may be risk factors leading to major complications. Interventional radiologists should be aware of the complication profile of this procedure and further advance research in techniques dealing with hypersplenism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1118-1131.e6
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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