Adverse Reactions to Contrast Media

Melanie C. Dispenza*, Anne Marie Ditto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Contrast media is a broad term for numerous chemicals that are used for visual enhancement during medical imaging. While they are valuable for enhancing imaging studies, they can also cause adverse reactions that can be severe and life-threatening. Immediate hypersensitivity reactions to contrast media are largely nonimmunologic. Skin testing and graded dose challenge are ineffective at predicting the risk of having an immediate hypersensitivity reaction to contrast media and are not recommended for routine use. Pretreatment with systemic steroids and antihistamines can prevent immediate hypersensitivity reactions and is recommended for patients with a history of prior reaction to contrast media before undergoing any subsequent imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDrug Allergy Testing
PublisherElsevier Inc
Pages239-259
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9780323497077
ISBN (Print)9780323485517
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 28 2017

Fingerprint

Immediate Hypersensitivity
Contrast Media
Histamine Antagonists
Diagnostic Imaging
Steroids
Skin

Keywords

  • Anaphylaxis
  • Breakthrough reaction
  • Delayed hypersensitivity
  • Gadolinium
  • Immediate hypersensitivity
  • Pretreatment
  • Radiocontrast media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Dispenza, M. C., & Ditto, A. M. (2017). Adverse Reactions to Contrast Media. In Drug Allergy Testing (pp. 239-259). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-48551-7.00022-5
Dispenza, Melanie C. ; Ditto, Anne Marie. / Adverse Reactions to Contrast Media. Drug Allergy Testing. Elsevier Inc, 2017. pp. 239-259
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Dispenza, MC & Ditto, AM 2017, Adverse Reactions to Contrast Media. in Drug Allergy Testing. Elsevier Inc, pp. 239-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-48551-7.00022-5

Adverse Reactions to Contrast Media. / Dispenza, Melanie C.; Ditto, Anne Marie.

Drug Allergy Testing. Elsevier Inc, 2017. p. 239-259.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Dispenza MC, Ditto AM. Adverse Reactions to Contrast Media. In Drug Allergy Testing. Elsevier Inc. 2017. p. 239-259 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-48551-7.00022-5