Affect and machine design: Lessons for the development of autonomous machines

Donald A. Norman*, Andrew Ortony, Daniel M. Russell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human beings have evolved a rich and sophisticated set of processes for engaging with the world in which cognition and affect play two different but equally crucial roles. Cognition interprets and makes sense of the world. Affect evaluates and judges, modulating the operating parameters of cognition and giving a warning about possible dangers. The study of how these two systems work together provides guidance for the design of complex autonomous systems that must deal with a variety of tasks in a dynamic, often unpredictable, and sometimes hazardous environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-44
Number of pages7
JournalIBM Systems Journal
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics

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