Affect and Proto-Affect in Effective Functioning

Andrew Ortony*, Donald A. Norman, William Revelle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


This chapter proposes a functional model of effective functioning that depends on the interplay of four relatively independent domains. These are the domains of affect, motivation, cognition, and behaviour. These domains of functioning need to be considered at the reactive, the routine, and the reflective levels of information processing. This chapter claims that the proposed model can be used in the design of emotions in computational artefacts of arbitrary complexity that must perform unanticipated tasks in unpredictable environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWho Needs Emotions?
Subtitle of host publicationThe Brain Meets the Robot
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199847020
ISBN (Print)9780195166194
StatePublished - Mar 22 2012


  • Affect
  • Behaviour
  • Cognition
  • Effective functioning
  • Functional model
  • Information processing
  • Motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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