Our ability to predict which children will exhibit oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) at the time of entry into grammar school at age 6 lags behind our understanding of the risk factors for ODD. This study examined how well a set of multidomain risk factors for ODD assessed in 4-year-old children predicted age 6 ODD diagnostic status. Participants were a diverse sample of 796 4-year-old children (391 boys).The sample was 54% White, non-Hispanic; 16.8% African American, 20.4% Hispanic; 2.4% Asian; and 4.4% Other or mixed race. The classification accuracy of two models of multidomain risk factors, using either a measure of overall ODD symptoms or dimensions of ODD obtained at age 4, were compared to one another, to chance, and to a parsimonious model based solely on parent-reported ODD using Automated Classification Tree Analysis. Effect Strength for Sensitivity (ESS), a measure of classification accuracy, indicated a multidomain model including a general measure of ODD symptoms at age 4 yielded a large effect (56.29%), a 13.7% increase over the ESS for the parsimonious model (ESS = 42.9%). The ESS (51.23%) for a model including two ODD dimensions (behavior and negative affect) was smaller than that for the model including a measure of overall ODD symptoms. The Classification Tree Analysis approach showed a small but distinct advantage that would be useful in screening for which children would most likely meet criteria for age 6 ODD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology|
|State||Published - Jan 2 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology