L’effet du vieillissement sur les scores totaux obtenus à l’eating assessment tool-10 (Eat-10) par des adultes en santé vivant à domicile

Translated title of the contribution: Aging effects on eating assessment tool-10 (Eat-10) total scores in healthy, community-dwelling adults

Kendrea L. Garand*, Elizabeth G. Hill, Kent Armeson, Bonnie Martin-Harris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine how aging and sex impacted scores on the Eating Assessment Tool-10 in a large sample of healthy, non-dysphagic adults. Differences in Eating Assessment Tool-10 total normal (< 3) and abnormal (≥ 3) scores were examined across four age categories (21–39 years, 40–59 years, 60–79 years, 80 years and older) and between sexes. The mean (± SD) Eating Assessment Tool-10 total score for this healthy cohort of 167 individuals was 0.6 (± 1.6), with the majority of participants (75%) earning a score of zero. No significant differences were found in Eating Assessment Tool-10 total scores across age categories (p = .53) or between sexes (p = .79). Post-hoc analyses further explored relationships between Eating Assessment Tool-10 total scores and swallow performance measures as observed during videofluoroscopy. All participants (n = 15) scoring 3 and greater on the Eating Assessment Tool-10 passed an aspiration screen (i.e., 3-ounce water swallow challenge). Nine participants scoring less than 3 and failing the aspiration screen were not observed to have airway invasion as measured by the Penetration-Aspiration Scale during videofluoroscopy. A significant relationship was not observed between Eating Assessment Tool-10 total scores and highest Penetration-Aspiration Scale score. Eating Assessment Tool-10 total scores reported in the current study for patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease were significantly lower (p < .001) than total scores reported in the Eating Assessment Tool-10 validation study by Belafsky et al. (2008). In summary, aging or sex effects did not appear to impact self-report of dysphagia-related symptoms as measured by the Eating Assessment Tool-10. The Eating Assessment Tool-10, therefore, may not demonstrate the sensitivity needed to capture sub-clinical changes of the aging swallowing mechanism.

Translated title of the contributionAging effects on eating assessment tool-10 (Eat-10) total scores in healthy, community-dwelling adults
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology
Volume44
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Dysphagia
  • Eating Assessment tool-10
  • Healthy
  • Swallowing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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