Agreement between 24-h dietary recalls and 24-h urine collections for estimating sodium intake in China, Japan, UK, USA: The International Study of Macro: The Micro-nutrients and Blood Pressure

Xiaoxiao Wen, Long Zhou, Jeremiah Stamler, Queenie Chan, Linda Van Horn, Martha L. Daviglus, Alan R. Dyer, Paul Elliott, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Katsuyuki Miura, Nagako Okuda, Yangfeng Wu, Liancheng Zhao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective:The present study aims to compare 24-h dietary recalls with 24-h urine collections for the estimation of sodium intake at both population and individual levels in China, Japan, the United Kingdom (UK), and the United States of America (USA), using data from the International Study of Macro- and Micro-nutrients and Blood Pressure (INTERMAP).Methods:Mean differences between 24-h dietary recalls and 24-h urine collections were calculated for their agreement in estimating sodium intake at the population level; relative and absolute differences as well as misclassification of salt intake groups (salt intake <6, 6-8.9, 9-11.9, 12-14.9, and ≥15 g/day) were used to determine the agreement at the individual level.Results:The mean differences (95% CI) between dietary recalls and urine collections for China, Japan, UK, and USA were -54.0 (-59.8, -48.3), 3.9 (0.6, 7.2), 2.9 (-1.8, 7.6), and -3.5 (-5.8, -1.1) mmol/day, respectively. The proportions of individual relative differences beyond ±40% were 34.3% for China, 16.9% for Japan, 24.2% for UK, and 21.3% for USA; the proportions of individual absolute differences greater than 51.3 mmol/day (3 g salt) were 58.6% for China, 32.8% for Japan, 25.4% for UK, and 31.9% for USA. The rate for misclassification of salt intake groups at individual level for China, Japan, UK, and USA were 71.4, 60.9, 58.7, and 60.0%, respectively.Conclusion:The 24-h dietary recalls demonstrate greater agreement with the 24-h urine collections in estimating population sodium intake for Japan, UK, and USA, compared with China. The 24-h dietary recall has poor performance in assessing individual sodium intake in these four countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-819
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of hypertension
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • 24-h dietary recall
  • 24-h urinary sodium
  • agreement
  • sodium intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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