Algorithmic Transparency in the News Media

Nicholas Diakopoulos*, Michael Koliska

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

The growing use of difficult-to-parse algorithmic systems in the production of news, from algorithmic curation to automated writing and news bots, problematizes the normative turn toward transparency as a key tenet of journalism ethics. Pragmatic guidelines that facilitate algorithmic transparency are needed. This research presents a focus group study that engaged 50 participants across the news media and academia to discuss case studies of algorithms in news production and elucidate factors that are amenable to disclosure. Results indicate numerous opportunities to disclose information about an algorithmic system across layers such as the data, model, inference, and interface. Findings underscore the deeply entwined roles of human actors in such systems as well as challenges to adoption of algorithmic transparency including the dearth of incentives for organizations and the concern for overwhelming end-users with a surfeit of transparency information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-828
Number of pages20
JournalDigital Journalism
Volume5
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2017

Keywords

  • algorithmic journalism
  • algorithmic transparency
  • computational journalism
  • ethics
  • media accountability
  • robot journalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication

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