Alkaline Earth Metal Ion/Dihydroxy-Terephthalate MOFs: Structural Diversity and Unusual Luminescent Properties

Antigoni Douvali, Giannis S. Papaefstathiou, Maria Pia Gullo, Andrea Barbieri, Athanassios C. Tsipis, Christos D. Malliakas, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Ioannis Papadas, Gerasimos S. Armatas, Antonios G. Hatzidimitriou, Theodore Lazarides*, Manolis J. Manos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Alkaline earth (group 2) metal ion organic frameworks (AEMOFs) represent an important subcategory of MOFs with interesting structures and physical properties. Five MOFs, namely, [Mg2(H2dhtp)2(μ-H2O)(NMP)4] (AEMOF-2), [Mg2(H2dhtp)1.5(DMAc)4]Cl·DMAc (AEMOF-3), [Ca(H2dhtp)(DMAc)2] (AEMOF-4), [Sr3(H2dhtp)3(DMAc)6]·H2O (AEMOF-5), and [Ba(H2dhtp)(DMAc)] (AEMOF-6) (H4dhtp = 2,5-dihydroxy-terepthalic acid; DMAc = N,N-dimethylacetamide; NMP = N-methylpyrrolidone), are presented herein. The reported MOFs display structural variety with diverse topologies and new structural features. Interestingly, AEMOF-6 is the first example of a Ba2+-H2dhtp2- MOF, and AEMOF-5 is only the second known Sr2+-H2dhtp2- MOF. Detailed photoluminescence studies revealed alkaline earth metal ion-dependent fluorescence properties of the materials, with the heavier alkaline earth metal ions exhibiting red-shifted emission with respect to the lighter ions at room temperature. A bathochromic shift of the emission was observed for the MOFs (mostly for AEMOF-3 and AEMOF-4) at 77 K as a result of excited state proton transfer (ESIPT), which involves an intramolecular proton transfer from a hydroxyl to an adjacent carboxylic group of the H2dhtp2- ligand. Remarkably, AEMOF-6 displays rare yellow fluorescence at room temperature, which is attractive for solid state lighting applications. To probe whether the alkaline earth metal ions are responsible for the unusual luminescence properties of the reported MOFs, the potential energy surfaces (PESs) of the ground, S0, and lowest energy excited singlet, S1, states of model complexes along the intramolecular proton transfer coordinate were calculated by DFT and TD-DFT methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5813-5826
Number of pages14
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Alkaline Earth Metal Ion/Dihydroxy-Terephthalate MOFs: Structural Diversity and Unusual Luminescent Properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this