All-Printed Ultrahigh-Responsivity MoS2 Nanosheet Photodetectors Enabled by Megasonic Exfoliation

Lidia Kuo, Vinod K. Sangwan, Sonal V. Rangnekar, Ting Ching Chu, David Lam, Zhehao Zhu, Lee J. Richter, Ruipeng Li, Beata M. Szydłowska, Julia R. Downing, Benjamin J. Luijten, Lincoln J. Lauhon, Mark C. Hersam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Printed 2D materials, derived from solution-processed inks, offer scalable and cost-effective routes to mechanically flexible optoelectronics. With micrometer-scale control and broad processing latitude, aerosol-jet printing (AJP) is of particular interest for all-printed circuits and systems. Here, AJP is utilized to achieve ultrahigh-responsivity photodetectors consisting of well-aligned, percolating networks of semiconducting MoS2 nanosheets and graphene electrodes on flexible polyimide substrates. Ultrathin (≈1.2 nm thick) and high-aspect-ratio (≈1 μm lateral size) MoS2 nanosheets are obtained by electrochemical intercalation followed by megasonic atomization during AJP, which not only aerosolizes the inks but also further exfoliates the nanosheets. The incorporation of the high-boiling-point solvent terpineol into the MoS2 ink is critical for achieving a highly aligned and flat thin-film morphology following AJP as confirmed by grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering and atomic force microscopy. Following AJP, curing is achieved with photonic annealing, which yields quasi-ohmic contacts and photoactive channels with responsivities exceeding 103 A W−1 that outperform previously reported all-printed visible-light photodetectors by over three orders of magnitude. Megasonic exfoliation coupled with properly designed AJP ink formulations enables the superlative optoelectronic properties of ultrathin MoS2 nanosheets to be preserved and exploited for the scalable additive manufacturing of mechanically flexible optoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2203772
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number34
StatePublished - Aug 25 2022


  • 2D materials
  • aerosol-jet printing
  • liquid-phase exfoliation
  • molybdenum disulfide
  • printed electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'All-Printed Ultrahigh-Responsivity MoS2 Nanosheet Photodetectors Enabled by Megasonic Exfoliation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this