Allograft pancreatic duct dilatation following bladder drained simulataneous pancreas-kidney transplantation: Clinical significance

Gaetano Ciancio*, Berta Montalvo, David Roth, Joshua Miller, George W. Burke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Radiologic imaging of the allograft pancreatic duct dilatation is an uncommon multifactorial finding that is not well described. The purpose of this investigation is to determine the clinical correlation of this finding. Design. Retrospective study. Setting. University Hospital, USA. Subjects. One hundred forty five simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplants have been performed for treatment of type I diabetes mellitus and end-stage renal disease between February 1993 and December 1999 at the University of Miami. Main outcome measures. In 5 recipients, the pancreatic duct was noted to be dilated by ultrasound 1-18 months post-transplant. Results. In all 5 recipients a Foley catheter was placed as the first line of treatment. This reduced the size of the pancreatic duct in one patient, who presented with normal serum amylase and lipase and hyperglycemia. A pancreas biopsy done with Foley catheter in place showed fibrosis with no evidence of rejection. Four patients with dilated pancreatic duct presented with increased serum amylase and lipase; however improvement of the pancreatic duct dilatation was seen only after anti-rejection therapy. One of the patients developed recurrence of pancreatic duct dilatation and a video-urodynamic study subsequently demonstrated voiding with abdominal straining and no detrusor activity. He ultimately underwent enteric conversion with resolution of pancreatic duct dilatation. Conclusions. This infrequent complication of dilated transplant pancreatic duct could be multifactorial. It could suggest the diagnosis of reflux pancreatitis, which should resolve with bladder decompression. In fact, 1 patient presented with reflux pancreatitis caused by external sphincter detrusor pseudodyssynergia. However, this ultrasound finding may also be associated with pancreas rejection (4/5 patients).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-12
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Pancreas
Volume1
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2000

Keywords

  • Dilatation
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Pancreas transplantation
  • Pancreatic ducts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Gastroenterology

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