AlxGa1-xN materials and device technology for solar blind ultraviolet photodetector applications

Ryan P McClintock, P. Sandvik, K. Mi, F. Shahedipour, A. Yasan, C. Jelen, P. Kung, Manijeh Razeghi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


There has been a growing interest for the development of solar blind ultraviolet (UV) photodetectors for use in a variety of applications, including early missile threat warning, flame monitoring, UV radiation monitoring and chemical/biological reagent detection. The AlxGa1-xN material system has emerged as the most promising approach for such devices. However, the control of the material quality and the device technology are still rather immature. We report here the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition, the n-type and the p-type doping of high quality AlxGa1-xN thin films on sapphire substrates over a wide range of Al concentration. The quality of this AlxGa1-xN material was verified through the demonstration of high performance visible and solar blind ultraviolet p-i-n photodiodes with a cut-off wavelength continuously tunable from 227 to 365 nm, internal quantum efficiencies up to 86% when operated in photovoltaic mode, and a ultraviolet-to-visible rejection ratio as high as six orders of magnitude. Both front and back side illuminated p-i-n photodiodes were realized. Photodetector devices were also demonstrated on GaN material obtained using lateral epitaxial overgrowth. The technology for such AlxGa1-xN based devices was improved in an effort to enhance their performance, including the development of ohmic metal contacts to both n-type and p-type AlxGa1-xN films with an Al concentration up to 40%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-229
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
EventPhotodetectors: Materials and Devices VI - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 22 2001Jan 24 2001


  • AlGaN
  • Back illuminated
  • N-type
  • Ohmic contacts
  • P-type
  • Photodetector
  • Solar blind
  • Ultraviolet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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