Alternative Endograft Aortoiliac Reconstruction for Iliac Branch Endoprostheses

Anand Brahmandam, Julia Fayanne Chen, Britt H. Tonnessen, Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar, Uwe Fischer, Alan Dardik, Raul J. Guzman, Naiem Nassiri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Endovascular treatment of complex common iliac artery (CIA) and internal iliac artery (IIA) aneurysms using iliac branch endoprostheses (IBE) has proven safe and effective. Instructions for use (IFU) require deployment of current IBE technology with the corresponding manufacturer's modular bifurcated aortic endograft. Concomitant aortoiliac occlusive disease, inadequate renal artery-iliac bifurcation length, and unfavorable aortic anatomy preclude on-label IBE deployment. This study aimed to evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of Alternative Endograft Aortoiliac Reconstruction (AEGAR) for branched endovascular treatment of complex iliac artery aneurysms. Methods: In 7 consecutive patients with CIA or IIA aneurysms, computed tomography angiography (CTA) and center-line reconstruction revealed aortoiliac anatomy incompatible with the current IBE IFU due to inadequate proximal CIA landing zone (n = 7), inadequate renal artery to iliac bifurcation length (n = 2), compromised aortic anatomy (n = 3), or short infrarenal neck <15 mm (n = 1), either alone or in combination. To overcome these restrictions and facilitate IBE deployment, aortoiliac reconstruction was performed using the Endologix AFX, Endologix Ovation limbs or the Medtronic Endurant II platforms (AEGAR technique). All internal iliac artery reconstructions and external iliac artery extensions were performed using the Gore VBX or Viabahn stent grafts. Technical success was defined as successful delivery of all endograft components without migration or endoleak. Results: The mean patient age was 69 years (range 52–82 years; 6 male). Four patients had bilateral CIA aneurysms and 3 patients had unilateral CIA aneurysms (mean diameter 4.3cm; range 2.2–7 cm). There were 13 IIA VBX stent grafts used for a total of 9 IIAs treated with IBE (bilateral IBE = 2 patients). The mean fluoroscopy time was 38.8 min (range 21.3–64.3 min) and the mean contrast volume was 168.5 mL (range 122–226 mL). Technical success was achieved in all patients and there were no perioperative complications. Mean hospital-stay was 2.2 days (range 1–3 days). Follow-up ranged from 82–957 days (mean = 487 days). At last follow-up, all patients were alive without cardiovascular morbidity; and CTA revealed stable or decreased aneurysm size, patent endografts, and no evidence of endoleak or migration. Conclusions: The AEGAR technique can be used to safely and effectively overcome certain aortoiliac anatomic constraints that preclude use of current IBE technology. We encourage broader use of these alternative endografts in pertinent anatomic configurations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-46
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of vascular surgery
StatePublished - Nov 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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