Expression of the human growth hormone (hGH) gene in somatotrophs of the anterior pituitary gland results in the synthesis and secretion of a major 22 kDa and a minor 20 kDa GH isohormone. The expression of these two proteins reflects the alternative utilization of a major (B) and a minor (B') splice acceptor site in exon 3 of the hGH-N transcript. By comparing the structure and splicing patterns of the hGH-N gene transcript with that of the structurally related, placentally expressed, hGH-V gene transcript, which uses only the major (B) exon 3 splice acceptor, it has been possible to define the cis-acting elements in exon 3 that are critical for activation of the B' splice acceptor. The present paper demonstrates that, in addition to the importance of sequences in the immediate proximity of the two alternative splice acceptor sites, additional more remote sequences in the transcript also contribute to this alternative splice site selection. The data further suggest that these more distal sequences do not act individually, but interact so that the net level of alternative splicing in exon 3 is dictated by the overall higher order structure of the hGH-N transcript.
|Number of pages
|Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). Supplement
|Published - Apr 1994
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health