Rosenfeld critiques an article on deception detection by T. T. Bashore and P. P. Rapp (1993) that appeared earlier in this journal. These authors reviewed the field of traditional polygraphy, coming to the conclusion that traditional autonomic nervous system (ANS) indices of psychological events thought to be directly or indirectly involved in deception-related processes have limitations that might not apply to the representation of these processes in brain activity. Rosenfeld criticizes what he sees as a relatively one-sided presentation of traditional ANS polygraphy by Bashore and Rapp. He also reconsiders Bashore and Rapp's preference for brain activity indices over ANS indices in deception detection. Finally, he attempts to correct Bashore and Rapp's inaccurate and incomplete review of approaches to deception detection based on brain activity measures.
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