Introduction: Tissue Factor (TF) expression is observed in many types of cancer, associated with more aggressive disease, and thrombosis. Alternatively-spliced human tissue factor (asHTF) has recently been identified in which exon 5 is deleted. asHTF is soluble due to the substitution of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of exon 6 with a unique COOH-terminal domain. Materials and Methods: We examine the expression and function of asHTF and full-length Tissue Factor (FLTF) in six human pancreatic cancer cells. Further, we transfected asHTF, FLTF, and control expression vectors into a non-expressing, human pancreatic cancer line (MiaPaCa-2). We studied the procoagulant activity of asHTF and flTF and the effect on tumor growth in mice. Results: asHTF is expressed in 5 of 6 human pancreatic cancer cell lines, but not in normal human fibroblasts, nor the MiaPaCa-2 line. flTF conferred procoagulant activity, but asHTF did not. Transfected cells were injected subcutaneously in athymic mice. Interestingly, compared with control transfection, flTF expression was associated with reduced tumor growth (mean 7 mg vs 85 mg), while asHTF-expression was associated with enhanced tumor growth (mean 389 mg vs. 85 mg). asHTF expression resulted in increased mitotic index and microvascular density. Conclusions: These data suggests that asHTF expression promotes tumor growth, and is associated with increased tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis in vivo. Our results raise a new perspective on the understanding of the relationship between TF expression and cancer growth, by showing a dissociation of the procoagulant activity of flTF and the cancer-promoting activity of asHTF.
- Alternatively spliced human tissue factor
- Tissue factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas