Alveolar fluid reabsorption is increased in rats with compensated heart failure

Zaher S. Azzam*, Yochai Adir, Lynn Welch, Jiwang Chen, Joseph Winaver, Phillip Factor, Norberto Krivoy, Aaron Hoffman, Jacob I. Sznajder, Zaid Abassi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alveolar fluid reabsorption (AFR) is important in keeping the air spaces free of edema. This process is accomplished via active transport of Na + across the alveolo-capillary barrier mostly by apical Na + channels and basolateral Na +-K +-ATPases. Recently, we have reported that acute elevation of left atrial pressures is associated with decreased AFR in isolated rat lungs. However, the effect of chronic elevation of pulmonary capillary pressure, such as seen in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), on AFR is unknown. CHF was induced by creating an aorto-caval fistula (ACF) in Sprague-Dawley male rats. Seven days after the placement of the fistula, AFR was studied in the isolated perfused rat lung model. AFR in control rats was 0.49 ± 0.02 ml/h (all values are means ± SE) and increased by ∼40% (0.69 ± 0.03 ml/h) in rats with chronic CHF (P < 0.001). The albumin flux from the pulmonary circulation into the air spaces did not increase in the experimental groups, indicating that lung permeability for large solutes was not increased. Na +-K +-ATPase activity and protein abundance at the plasma membrane of distal alveolar epithelial tissue were significantly increased in CHF rats compared with controls. These changes were associated with increased plasma norepinephrine levels in CHF rats compared with controls. We provide evidence that in a rat model of chronic compensated CHF, AFR is increased, possibly due to increased endogenous norepinephrine upregulating active sodium transport and protecting against alveolar flooding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L1094-L1100
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume291
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Alveolar epithelium
  • Edema
  • Na -K -ATPase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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