Amandina Lihamba's gendered adaptation of Sembene Ousmane's The Money-Order

Evan Mwangi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This essay examines the adaptation and translation of Sembene Ousmane's novella The Money-Order (originally published in French in 1966 as Le mandat) into Hawala ya Fedha (1980), a Kiswahili play by the Tanzanian woman dramatist Amandina Lihamba. Drawing on the contemporary theories of translation and adaptation that demote fidelity to the original as the cornerstone of translation, i demonstrate that the changes that Lihamba introduces in her text do not result from the incommensurability among the languages involved (wolof, French, English, and Kiswahili), the much-vaunted clash of civilizations, or the supposed incompatibility between the two genres (novel and play); rather, she is invested in amplifying gender issues in Sembene's novel through a popular public medium to signify the urgent need for women's literacy in Julius Nyerere's Tanzania.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-173
Number of pages25
JournalResearch in African Literatures
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory


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