Ambient- and elevated-temperature strengthening by Al3Zr-Nanoprecipitates and Al3Ni-Microfibers in a cast Al-2.9Ni-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.%) alloy

Richard A. Michi, Jacques Perrin Toinin, David N Seidman, David C Dunand*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Strengthening mechanisms at ambient and elevated temperatures are studied in a cast Al-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.%) alloy with a 2.86 at.% Ni addition, containing: (i) incoherent Al3Ni microfibers formed during eutectic solidification; and (ii) coherent, equiaxed Al3Zr (L12-structure) nanoprecipitates created on subsequent aging. Strengthening contributions from microfibers and nanoprecipitates are cooperative at ambient temperature, over the full range of Al3Zr precipitation during under-, peak-, and over-aging states. In contrast, during compressive creep testing at 300 °C, the binary eutectic Al-Al3Ni alloy is not further strengthened by the Al3Zr nanoprecipitates, reflecting their lower number density (5.8 × 1022 m−3) in the regions between Al3Ni microfibers, where load transfer and/or microfiber/dislocation interactions provide strengthening. Also, when the Al-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.%) alloy is modified with very low Ni concentrations of 0.07 at.%, without Al3Ni microfiber formation, the precipitation kinetics of Al3Zr(L12) are unaffected and negligible amounts of Ni are measured in the nanoprecipitates. The binary Al-2.86Ni at.% alloys with Al3Ni eutectic microfibers, with and without Al3Zr nanoprecipitates, are significantly more creep resistant at 300 °C than dilute Al-Sc or Al-Zr alloys strengthened solely by Al3Zr or Al3Sc nanoprecipitates. Unlike Al-Zr alloys, their upper service temperature is, however, limited to ∼400 °C, above which Al3Ni coarsening becomes rapid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-89
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume759
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2019

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microfibers
casts
eutectics
Eutectics
Temperature
ambient temperature
temperature
Aging of materials
Creep testing
Strengthening (metal)
Coarsening
solidification
Solidification
low concentrations
Creep
Kinetics
kinetics

Keywords

  • Al-Ni-Zr-Er alloy
  • Atom-probe tomography
  • Compressive creep
  • Microhardness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

@article{a211c2caaeeb4ba0ae8e8b890575b6cf,
title = "Ambient- and elevated-temperature strengthening by Al3Zr-Nanoprecipitates and Al3Ni-Microfibers in a cast Al-2.9Ni-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.{\%}) alloy",
abstract = "Strengthening mechanisms at ambient and elevated temperatures are studied in a cast Al-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.{\%}) alloy with a 2.86 at.{\%} Ni addition, containing: (i) incoherent Al3Ni microfibers formed during eutectic solidification; and (ii) coherent, equiaxed Al3Zr (L12-structure) nanoprecipitates created on subsequent aging. Strengthening contributions from microfibers and nanoprecipitates are cooperative at ambient temperature, over the full range of Al3Zr precipitation during under-, peak-, and over-aging states. In contrast, during compressive creep testing at 300 °C, the binary eutectic Al-Al3Ni alloy is not further strengthened by the Al3Zr nanoprecipitates, reflecting their lower number density (5.8 × 1022 m−3) in the regions between Al3Ni microfibers, where load transfer and/or microfiber/dislocation interactions provide strengthening. Also, when the Al-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.{\%}) alloy is modified with very low Ni concentrations of 0.07 at.{\%}, without Al3Ni microfiber formation, the precipitation kinetics of Al3Zr(L12) are unaffected and negligible amounts of Ni are measured in the nanoprecipitates. The binary Al-2.86Ni at.{\%} alloys with Al3Ni eutectic microfibers, with and without Al3Zr nanoprecipitates, are significantly more creep resistant at 300 °C than dilute Al-Sc or Al-Zr alloys strengthened solely by Al3Zr or Al3Sc nanoprecipitates. Unlike Al-Zr alloys, their upper service temperature is, however, limited to ∼400 °C, above which Al3Ni coarsening becomes rapid.",
keywords = "Al-Ni-Zr-Er alloy, Atom-probe tomography, Compressive creep, Microhardness",
author = "Michi, {Richard A.} and Toinin, {Jacques Perrin} and Seidman, {David N} and Dunand, {David C}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1016/j.msea.2019.05.018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "759",
pages = "78--89",
journal = "Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing",
issn = "0921-5093",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Ambient- and elevated-temperature strengthening by Al3Zr-Nanoprecipitates and Al3Ni-Microfibers in a cast Al-2.9Ni-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.%) alloy

AU - Michi, Richard A.

AU - Toinin, Jacques Perrin

AU - Seidman, David N

AU - Dunand, David C

PY - 2019/6/24

Y1 - 2019/6/24

N2 - Strengthening mechanisms at ambient and elevated temperatures are studied in a cast Al-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.%) alloy with a 2.86 at.% Ni addition, containing: (i) incoherent Al3Ni microfibers formed during eutectic solidification; and (ii) coherent, equiaxed Al3Zr (L12-structure) nanoprecipitates created on subsequent aging. Strengthening contributions from microfibers and nanoprecipitates are cooperative at ambient temperature, over the full range of Al3Zr precipitation during under-, peak-, and over-aging states. In contrast, during compressive creep testing at 300 °C, the binary eutectic Al-Al3Ni alloy is not further strengthened by the Al3Zr nanoprecipitates, reflecting their lower number density (5.8 × 1022 m−3) in the regions between Al3Ni microfibers, where load transfer and/or microfiber/dislocation interactions provide strengthening. Also, when the Al-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.%) alloy is modified with very low Ni concentrations of 0.07 at.%, without Al3Ni microfiber formation, the precipitation kinetics of Al3Zr(L12) are unaffected and negligible amounts of Ni are measured in the nanoprecipitates. The binary Al-2.86Ni at.% alloys with Al3Ni eutectic microfibers, with and without Al3Zr nanoprecipitates, are significantly more creep resistant at 300 °C than dilute Al-Sc or Al-Zr alloys strengthened solely by Al3Zr or Al3Sc nanoprecipitates. Unlike Al-Zr alloys, their upper service temperature is, however, limited to ∼400 °C, above which Al3Ni coarsening becomes rapid.

AB - Strengthening mechanisms at ambient and elevated temperatures are studied in a cast Al-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.%) alloy with a 2.86 at.% Ni addition, containing: (i) incoherent Al3Ni microfibers formed during eutectic solidification; and (ii) coherent, equiaxed Al3Zr (L12-structure) nanoprecipitates created on subsequent aging. Strengthening contributions from microfibers and nanoprecipitates are cooperative at ambient temperature, over the full range of Al3Zr precipitation during under-, peak-, and over-aging states. In contrast, during compressive creep testing at 300 °C, the binary eutectic Al-Al3Ni alloy is not further strengthened by the Al3Zr nanoprecipitates, reflecting their lower number density (5.8 × 1022 m−3) in the regions between Al3Ni microfibers, where load transfer and/or microfiber/dislocation interactions provide strengthening. Also, when the Al-0.11Zr-0.02Si-0.005Er (at.%) alloy is modified with very low Ni concentrations of 0.07 at.%, without Al3Ni microfiber formation, the precipitation kinetics of Al3Zr(L12) are unaffected and negligible amounts of Ni are measured in the nanoprecipitates. The binary Al-2.86Ni at.% alloys with Al3Ni eutectic microfibers, with and without Al3Zr nanoprecipitates, are significantly more creep resistant at 300 °C than dilute Al-Sc or Al-Zr alloys strengthened solely by Al3Zr or Al3Sc nanoprecipitates. Unlike Al-Zr alloys, their upper service temperature is, however, limited to ∼400 °C, above which Al3Ni coarsening becomes rapid.

KW - Al-Ni-Zr-Er alloy

KW - Atom-probe tomography

KW - Compressive creep

KW - Microhardness

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U2 - 10.1016/j.msea.2019.05.018

DO - 10.1016/j.msea.2019.05.018

M3 - Article

VL - 759

SP - 78

EP - 89

JO - Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing

JF - Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing

SN - 0921-5093

ER -