Amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) for the treatment of confirmed or presumed fungal infections in immunocompromised patients with hematologic malignancies

J. Mehta*, S. Kelsey, P. Chu, R. Powles, D. Hazel, U. Riley, C. Evans, A. Newland, J. Treleaven, S. Singhal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sixty-four adult patients (median age 43) with hematologic malignancies who were immunocompromised after allogeneic (n = 23) or autologous (n = 9) blood/marrow transplantation, or chemotherapy (n = 32) received 68 courses of amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC, Abelcet) at the daily dose of 5 mg/kg for presumed (n = 52) or proven (n = 16) fungal infection. The major indications for ABLC were failure of previous antifungal therapy and/or renal dysfunction. Fifty-three treatment courses in 49 patients comprising 4-58 doses (median 10) were considered evaluable. Fourteen courses administered for confirmed infections resulted in nine complete and one partial responses, and four failures (71% response). Thirty-nine empiric courses resulted in 18 complete and six partial responses, and 14 failures (64% response). The overall response rate was 66%. Five of seven evaluable patients with aspergillus pneumonia responded. Response rates were comparable for chemotherapy, autograft and allograft recipients. The change in serum creatinine from the beginning to the end of therapy was -284 to +277 μmol/l (median +24). The creatinine doubled during seven evaluable courses of therapy, five of which were associated with concomitant nephrotoxic therapy. Nephrotoxicity was comparable for transplant and chemotherapy patients. Renal dysfunction necessitated discontinuation of ABLC in only four patients. These data suggest that ABLC is effective in presumed or confirmed fungal infections in immunocompromised patients after transplantation or chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1997

Keywords

  • Abelcet
  • Amphotericin B
  • Amphotericin B lipid complex
  • Aspergillosis
  • Candidiasis
  • Fungal infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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