Amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides impair multiple cellular pathways and play a causative role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology, but how the brain proteome is remodeled by this process is unknown. To identify protein networks associated with AD-like pathology, we performed global quantitative proteomic analysis in three mouse models at young and old ages. Our analysis revealed a robust increase in Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) levels in nearly all brain regions with increased Aβ levels. Taken together with prior findings on ApoE driving Aβ accumulation, this analysis points to a pathological dysregulation of the ApoE-Aβ axis. We also found dysregulation of protein networks involved in excitatory synaptic transmission. Analysis of the AMPA receptor (AMPAR) complex revealed specific loss of TARPγ-2, a key AMPAR-trafficking protein. Expression of TARPγ-2 in hAPP transgenic mice restored AMPA currents. This proteomic database represents a resource for the identification of protein alterations responsible for AD. Savas et al. achieve proteome-wide measurements of protein abundance in brain extracts from three mouse models of AD-like pathology. These analyses revealed Aβ, brain region, and age-dependent alteration of protein levels of several functional categories. This resource provides a global protein expression atlas of AD mouse model brain proteomes.
- amyloid beta
- mass spectrometry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)