An analogy ontology for integrating analogical processing and first-principles reasoning

Kenneth D Forbus*, Thomas Mostek, Ron Ferguson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes an analogy ontology, a formal representation of some key ideas in analogical processing, that supports the integration of analogical processing with first-principles reasoners. The ontology is based on Gentner's structure-mapping theory, a psychological account of analogy and similarity. The semantics of the ontology are enforced via procedural attachment, using cognitive simulations of structure-mapping to provide analogical processing services. Queries that include analogical operations can be formulated in the same way as standard logical inference, and analogical processing systems in turn can call on the services of first-principles reasoners for creating cases and validating their conjectures. We illustrate the utility of the analogy ontology by demonstrating how it has been used in three systems: A crisis management analogical reasoner that answers questions about international incidents, a course of action analogical critiquer that provides feedback about military plans, and a comparison question-answering system for knowledge capture. These systems rely on large, general-purpose knowledge bases created by other research groups, thus demonstrating the generality and utility of these ideas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages878-885
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
Event18th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-02), 14th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-02) - Edmonton, Alta., Canada
Duration: Jul 28 2002Aug 1 2002

Other

Other18th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-02), 14th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-02)
CountryCanada
CityEdmonton, Alta.
Period7/28/028/1/02

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Ontology
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Forbus, K. D., Mostek, T., & Ferguson, R. (2002). An analogy ontology for integrating analogical processing and first-principles reasoning. 878-885. Paper presented at 18th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-02), 14th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-02), Edmonton, Alta., Canada.
Forbus, Kenneth D ; Mostek, Thomas ; Ferguson, Ron. / An analogy ontology for integrating analogical processing and first-principles reasoning. Paper presented at 18th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-02), 14th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-02), Edmonton, Alta., Canada.8 p.
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Forbus, KD, Mostek, T & Ferguson, R 2002, 'An analogy ontology for integrating analogical processing and first-principles reasoning' Paper presented at 18th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-02), 14th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-02), Edmonton, Alta., Canada, 7/28/02 - 8/1/02, pp. 878-885.

An analogy ontology for integrating analogical processing and first-principles reasoning. / Forbus, Kenneth D; Mostek, Thomas; Ferguson, Ron.

2002. 878-885 Paper presented at 18th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-02), 14th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-02), Edmonton, Alta., Canada.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Forbus KD, Mostek T, Ferguson R. An analogy ontology for integrating analogical processing and first-principles reasoning. 2002. Paper presented at 18th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-02), 14th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-02), Edmonton, Alta., Canada.