An antibonding valence band maximum enables defect-tolerant and stable GeSe photovoltaics

Shun Chang Liu, Chen Min Dai, Yimeng Min, Yi Hou, Andrew H. Proppe, Ying Zhou, Chao Chen, Shiyou Chen, Jiang Tang, Ding Jiang Xue*, Edward H. Sargent, Jin Song Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


In lead–halide perovskites, antibonding states at the valence band maximum (VBM)—the result of Pb 6s-I 5p coupling—enable defect-tolerant properties; however, questions surrounding stability, and a reliance on lead, remain challenges for perovskite solar cells. Here, we report that binary GeSe has a perovskite-like antibonding VBM arising from Ge 4s-Se 4p coupling; and that it exhibits similarly shallow bulk defects combined with high stability. We find that the deep defect density in bulk GeSe is ~1012 cm−3. We devise therefore a surface passivation strategy, and find that the resulting GeSe solar cells achieve a certified power conversion efficiency of 5.2%, 3.7 times higher than the best previously-reported GeSe photovoltaics. Unencapsulated devices show no efficiency loss after 12 months of storage in ambient conditions; 1100 hours under maximum power point tracking; a total ultraviolet irradiation dosage of 15 kWh m−2; and 60 thermal cycles from −40 to 85 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number670
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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