An assay for 26S proteasome activity based on fluorescence anisotropy measurements of dye-labeled protein substrates

Sucharita Bhattacharyya, Jonathan P. Renn, Houqing Yu, John F. Marko, Andreas Matouschek*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 26S proteasome is the molecular machine at the center of the ubiquitin proteasome system and is responsible for adjusting the concentrations of many cellular proteins. It is a drug target in several human diseases, and assays for the characterization of modulators of its activity are valuable. The 26S proteasome consists of two components: a core particle, which contains the proteolytic sites, and regulatory caps, which contain substrate receptors and substrate processing enzymes, including six ATPases. Current high-throughput assays of proteasome activity use synthetic fluorogenic peptide substrates that report directly on the proteolytic activity of the proteasome, but not on the activities of the proteasome caps that are responsible for protein recognition and unfolding. Here, we describe a simple and robust assay for the activity of the entire 26S proteasome using fluorescence anisotropy to follow the degradation of fluorescently labeled protein substrates. We describe two implementations of the assay in a high-throughput format and show that it meets the expected requirement of ATP hydrolysis and the presence of a canonical degradation signal or degron in the target protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-59
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume509
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2016

Keywords

  • 26S proteasome
  • Fluorescence anisotropy
  • High-throughput degradation assay
  • Protein degradation
  • Ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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