An assessment of the amount and types of organic matter contributed to the Earth by interplanetary dust

G. J. Flynn*, L. P. Keller, C. Jacobsen, S. Wirick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

A continuous, planet-wide rain of about 30,000 tons/year of interplanetary dust accretes onto the Earth. The mass-frequency distribution of this dust is sharply peaked at about 400 μm, but the larger particles are most severely heated during atmospheric deceleration, with many of them vaporizing as meteors. Modeling of the peak temperature distribution experienced during atmospheric entry indicates that particles near 10 μm in size contribute the bulk of the mass that is not heated above 600 °C, which is believed to be the mean pyrolysis temperature of extraterrestrial organic matter. We have used infrared spectroscopy and X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy to characterize the types and abundance of organic matter in ∼10 μm interplanetary dust particles collected from the Earth's stratosphere. These particles contain high abundance, from a few to over 90 vol%, of carbon, including percent-levels of both carbonyl (C≡O) and aliphatic hydrocarbons (C-H 3 and C-H 2 ). We estimate that, in the current era interplanetary dust contributes ∼15 tons/year of unpyrolized organic matter to the surface of the Earth. During the first 0.6 billion years of Earth's history, this contribution is likely to have been much greater.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-66
Number of pages10
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Aliphatic hydrocarbons
  • Carbonyl
  • Interplanetary dust
  • Murchison meteorite
  • Organic matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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