The elements controlling the complex developmental and tissue-specific expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene lie outside the basal promoter region and have not been characterized. We previously identified a tissue-specific DNase I hypersensitive site (DHS) in intron 1 (185 + 10 kb) of the CFTR gene. Here we show that removal of the core element abolishes the activity of this DHS in transient transfection assays of reporter/enhancer gene constructs. We then compared expression from a 310 kb yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) that contains the entire CFTR gene with expression from the same YAC from which the DHS element had been deleted. Stable transfection of a human colon carcinoma cell line showed that transcription from the deleted YAC was reduced by ∼60%. In transgenic mice, deletion of the intron 1 DHS had no effect on expression in the lung, but reduced expression in the intestine by ∼60%. Thus, the regulatory element associated with the intron 1 DHS is tissue-specific and is required for normal CFTR expression levels in the intestinal epithelium in vivo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology