An emotional processing writing intervention and heart rate variability: the role of emotional approach

Saren H. Seeley, Betina Yanez, Annette L. Stanton, Michael A. Hoyt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Expressing and understanding one's own emotional responses to negative events, particularly those that challenge the attainment of important life goals, is thought to confer physiological benefit. Individual preferences and/or abilities in approaching emotions might condition the efficacy of interventions designed to encourage written emotional processing (EP). This study examines the physiological impact (as indexed by heart rate variability (HRV)) of an emotional processing writing (EPW) task as well as the moderating influence of a dispositional preference for coping through emotional approach (EP and emotional expression (EE)), in response to a laboratory stress task designed to challenge an important life goal. Participants (n = 98) were randomly assigned to either EPW or fact control writing (FCW) following the stress task. Regression analyses revealed a significant dispositional EP by condition interaction, such that high EP participants in the EPW condition demonstrated higher HRV after writing compared to low EP participants. No significant main effects of condition or EE coping were observed. These findings suggest that EPW interventions may be best suited for those with preference or ability to process emotions related to a stressor or might require adaptation for those who less often cope through emotional approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)988-994
Number of pages7
JournalCognition and Emotion
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 4 2017


  • Emotional approach
  • emotional expression
  • emotional processing
  • expressive writing
  • heart rate variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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