Introduction: Regular blood transfusions in patients with thalassemia syndromes can cause iron overload resulting in complications including cirrhosis, heart problems, or endocrine abnormalities. To prevent iron overload toxicity in these patients, three iron chelators are currently FDA-approved for use: deferoxamine, deferasirox, and deferiprone. In the United States, deferiprone has been approved for three times daily dosing since 2011 and has recently gained approval for twice-daily administration. Areas Covered: A PubMed literature search was performed with the keywords ‘deferiprone’ and ‘thalassemia.’ Relevant original research studying deferiprone’s effects on transfusional iron overload in patients with thalassemia syndromes was included. Exclusion criteria included case reports and review papers. Deferiprone is effective at reducing serum ferritin levels in patients with iron overload. Twice-daily administration provides a similar level of iron chelation as three times daily dosing with a comparable side effect profile and increased patient acceptability. Expert Opinion: New studies are highlighting deferiprone’s potential for combination therapy with either deferoxamine or deferasirox to improve iron chelation. Deferiprone’s ability to significantly decrease cardiac and liver iron content can be utilized in other transfusion-dependent hematologic conditions, as evidenced by its recent approval for use in the United States for sickle cell disease or other anemias.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Expert Review of Hematology|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2023|
- iron overload
ASJC Scopus subject areas