An evaluation of family-centered rounds in the PICU: Room for improvement suggested by families and providers

Amanda B. Levin, Kiondra R. Fisher, Krista D. Cato, Adrian D. Zurca, Tessie W. October

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify areas for improvementin family-centered rounds from both the family and provider perspectives. Design: Prospective, cross-sectional mixed-methods study, including an objective measure (direct observation of family-centered rounds) and subjective measures (surveys of English-speaking families and providers) of family-centered rounds. Setting: PICU in a single, tertiary children's hospital. Subjects: Families of children admitted to the PICU, physicians, and nurses. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Two hundred thirty-two family-centered round encounters were observed over a 10-week period. Family-centered round encounters averaged 10.5 minutes per child. Multivariable regression analysis revealed that family presence was independently associated with length of family-centered rounds (p < 0.002) despite family talk time accounting for an average of 25 seconds (4%) of the encounter. Non-Englishspeaking families were less likely to attend family-centered rounds compared with English-speaking families even when physically present at the patient's bedside (p < 0.001). Most commonly families and providers agreed that family-centered rounds keep the family informed and reported positive statements about family presence on family-centered rounds; however, PICU fellows did not agree that families provided pertinent information and nurses reported that family presence limited patient discussions. The primary advice families offered providers to improve family-centered rounds was to be more considerate and courteous, including accommodating family schedules, minimizing distractions, and limiting computer viewing. Conclusions: Family presence increased the length of familycentered rounds despite a small percentage of time spoken by families, suggesting longer rounds are due to changes in provider behavior when families are present. Also, non-English-speaking families may need more support to be able to attend and benefit from family-centered rounds. Lastly, in an era of full familycentered rounds acceptance, families and most providers, except fellows, report benefit from family presence during family-centered rounds. However, providers should be aware of the perception of their behaviors to optimize the experience for families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)801-807
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2015


  • Child
  • Critical care
  • Instructional films and video
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Patient-centered care
  • Teaching rounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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