An Evaluation of the Veterans Affairs Traumatic Brain Injury Screening Process Among Operation Enduring Freedom and/or Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans

Charlesnika T. Evans*, Justin R. St Andre, Theresa L.B. Pape, Monica L. Steiner, Kevin T. Stroupe, Timothy P. Hogan, Frances M. Weaver, Bridget M. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe the early results of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) screening program for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify patient and facility characteristics associated with receiving a TBI screen and results of the screening. Design: National retrospective cohort study. Setting: VA Medical facilities. Patients: A total of 170,681 Operation Enduring Freedom and/or Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans who sought care at VA medical facilities from April 2007 to September 30, 2008. Methods: Data were abstracted from VA administrative and operational databases, including patient demographics, facility characteristics, and outcomes. Main Outcome Measurements: The main outcomes were receipt of and results of the TBI screen. Results: The majority of veterans eligible received the TBI screen (91.6%). Screening rates varied by patient and facility characteristics. In all, 25% of screened veterans had probable TBI exposure, in which the majority of the exposures were blasts (85.0%). The rate of a positive TBI screen was 20.5% for the screened cohort. Male gender, service in the army, multiple deployments, and mental health diagnoses in the previous year were associated with a positive screen. Conclusions: TBI screening rates are high in VA; concomitant mental health diagnoses were highly prevalent in individuals with positive TBI screens. These data indicate that there will be a significant need for long-term health care services for veterans with TBI symptomatology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-220
Number of pages11
JournalPM and R
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An Evaluation of the Veterans Affairs Traumatic Brain Injury Screening Process Among Operation Enduring Freedom and/or Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this