An evidence-based medicine curriculum implemented in journal club improves resident performance on the fresno test

Nicholas M. Mohr, Andrew J. Stoltze, Karisa K. Harland, Jon N. Van Heukelom*, Christopher P. Hogrefe, Azeemuddin Ahmed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Background Journal club is a standard component of residency education. Journal club focuses on review and interpretation of the medical literature with varying degrees of evidence-based medicine (EBM) education. Objectives To evaluate learning of EBM principles with an EBM curriculum implemented as a component of journal club. EBM competency was established using the Fresno test, a validated 12-question instrument of short-answer and essay-style questions to assess competency in EBM. Methods An EBM curriculum was implemented that consisted of a focus on EBM topics (e.g., study validity, bias, confidence intervals, search strategies) using a structured journal club format using a peer instruction model. The Fresno test was used prior to and after the implementation of the first year of this curriculum to measure effectiveness of the intervention. A hierarchical multivariable model using generalized estimating equations was used to account for repeated measures in the primary outcome of change in total Fresno test score. Results The total test scores did not increase significantly (105.4 vs. 120.9, p = 0.058) in the before-after analysis. The only subscore showing improvement was interpretation of study validity (32.1 vs. 40.4 points, p = 0.03). Attendance was significantly associated with Fresno test score, with those attending ≥ 6/11 sessions (55%) scoring 28.2 points higher (p = 0.003), and those attending fewer than six sessions scoring only 1.9 points higher (p = 0.81) than in the preintervention group. Conclusion An EBM curriculum implemented as part of journal club improves performance on the Fresno test among residents who attended at least six journal club sessions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-229.e1
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


  • Fresno test
  • education
  • educational measurement
  • evidence-based medicine
  • internship and residency
  • medical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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