An integrated CAD-robotics system for total knee replacement surgery

Thomas C. Kienzle, S. David Stulberg, Michael Peshkin, Arthur Quaid, Chi-Haur Wu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the surgical replacement of the knee joint, accurate alignment of prosthetic components with respect to the mechanical axis of the leg is essential to the mobility and longevity of the joint. Such alignment cannot easily be done during surgery because the long bones are largely obscured by tissue. An integrated system has been developed that allows the surgeon to more accurately place implant components during total knee surgery. A graphic computer displaying 3-dimensional CT data of the patient's knee is used to perform more informed and accurate preoperative planning. In the operating room, a robot and specially designed fixturing aid the surgeon in performing the bone resections as determined in the preoperative plan. Crucial to the accuracy of this system is the rigid immobilization of the involved bones and the robot's ability to determine their exact locations in space. The rationale and an overview of this system are presented as well as a discussion of some of the technical issues that have arisen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication1992 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics
Subtitle of host publicationEmergent Innovations in Information Transfer Processing and Decision Making, SMC 1992
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1609-1614
Number of pages6
Volume1992-January
ISBN (Electronic)0780307208, 9780780307209
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
EventIEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 1992 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Oct 18 1992Oct 21 1992

Other

OtherIEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 1992
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period10/18/9210/21/92

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction

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