An official american thoracic society clinical practice guideline: Classification, evaluation, and management of childhood interstitial lung disease in infancy

Geoffrey Kurland, Robin R. Deterding, James S. Hagood, Lisa R. Young, Alan S. Brody, Robert G. Castile, Sharon Dell, Leland L. Fan, Aaron Hamvas, Bettina C. Hilman, Claire Langston, Lawrence M. Nogee, Gregory J. Redding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

205 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There is growing recognition and understanding of the entities that cause interstitial lung disease (ILD) in infants. These entities are distinct from those that cause ILD in older children and adults. Methods:Amultidisciplinarypanelwas convenedtodevelopevidencebased guidelines on the classification, diagnosis, andmanagement of ILDin children, focusing onneonates and infants under 2 years of age. Recommendations were formulated using a systematic approach. Outcomesconsideredimportant includedtheaccuracyofthediagnostic evaluation, complications of delayed or incorrect diagnosis, psychosocial complications affecting the patient's or family's quality of life, and death. Results:No controlled clinical trials were identified. Therefore, observational evidence and clinical experience informed judgments. These guidelines: (1) describe the clinical characteristics of neonates and infants (,2 yr of age) with diffuse lung disease (DLD); (2) list the common causes of DLD that should be eliminated during the evaluation of neonates and infants with DLD; (3) recommendmethods for further clinical investigation of the remaining infants, who are regarded as having "childhood ILD syndrome"; (4) describe a new pathologic classification scheme of DLD in infants; (5) outline supportive and continuing care; and (6) suggest areas for future research. Conclusions: After common causes of DLD are excluded, neonates and infants with childhood ILD syndrome should be evaluated by a knowledgeable subspecialist. The evaluationmay include echocardiography, controlled ventilation high-resolution computed tomography, infant pulmonary function testing, bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage, genetic testing, and/or lung biopsy. Preventive care, family education, and support are essential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)376-394
Number of pages19
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume188
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • Diffuse lung disease
  • Lung growth abnormalities
  • Neuroendocrine cells
  • Surfactant proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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