Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intratympanically injected golimumab (GLM), a TNF-α inhibitor, as a steroid-sparing agent for patients with steroid-dependent autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED).
Study Design: Open label.
Setting: Tertiary referral center.
Patients: Ten patients with steroid-dependent AIED were enrolled in Stage 2. The average patient age at enrollment was 59, with an average of 12.5 years from the start of bilateral hearing loss symptoms. The average dose of daily prednisone at the start of injections was 18 mg.
Intervention: Intratympanic injection of GLM.
Main Outcome Measure: Hearing loss progression (treatment failure) was defined as either an increase in pure-tone thresholds by frequency or a decrease in word recognition score.
Results: There were no serious adverse events. Five of seven per-protocol subjects experienced stable pure-tone thresholds in the injected ear, whereas 4 had stable word recognition scores. Two subjects experienced an improvement in word recognition scores. The results support the hypothesis that GLM may be a promising treatment.
Conclusions: The TNF-α inhibitor GLM stabilized hearing in 3 of 7 per-protocol subjects with AIED and allowed a complete tapering off of prednisone in those 7 subjects. Studies with larger samples sizes are warranted.
- Autoimmune inner ear disease
- Bilateral hearing loss
- Clinical trial
- Intratympanic injection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Clinical Neurology