An operational rate-distortion optimal single-pass SNR scalable video coder

Lisimachos P. Kondi*, Aggelos K. Katsaggelos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this paper, we introduce a new methodology for single pass signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) video scalability based on the partitioning of the DCT coefficients. The DCT coefficients of the displaced frame difference (DFD) for inter-blocks or the intensity for intra-blocks are partitioned into a base layer and one or more enhancement layers, thus, producing an embedded bitstream. Subsets of this bitstream can be transmitted with increasing video quality as measured by the SNR. Given a bit budget for the base and enhancement layers the partitioning of the DCT coefficients is done in a way that is optimal in the operational rate-distortion sense. The optimization is performed using Lagrangian relaxation and dynamic programming (DP). Experimental results are presented and conclusions are drawn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1613-1620
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2001


  • Layered coding
  • Operational rate-distortion theory
  • Scalable video coding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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