Selectins are carbohydrate-binding cell adhesion molecules that play a key role in the initiation of inflammatory responses. Several studies have suggested that the sialylated, fucosylated tetrasaccharide sialyl Lewis X (sLex) is an important component of leukocyte ligands for E- and P-selectin. We have identified a stable variant of the HL60 cell line, HL60var, which displays a nearly complete absence of staining with several mAb directed against sLex and/or sLex-related structures. HL60var also exhibits a concomitant increase in reactivity with mAb directed against the unsialylated Lewis X (Lex/CD15) structure. Despite this sLex deficiency, HL60var binds well to both E- and P-selectin. No significant differences in expression of α1,3-fucosyltransferases, C2GnT (Core2 transferase), or P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 between HL60var and typical sLex(high) HL60 cells were detected. Although the precise molecular basis for the sLex(-/low) phenotype of HL60var remains uncertain, flow cytometric analysis with the sialic acid- specific Limax flavus lectin revealed a sharp reduction in HL60var surface sialylation. Thus, the loss in mAb reactivity may result from a loss of sialic acid residues from the mAb carbohydrate epitope. However, binding of HL60var to E-and P-selectin remains sensitive to neuraminidase treatment. Taken together, these data indicate that high levels of surface sLex and/or related epitopes are not essential for interactions with vascular selectins, implying that as yet unidentified sialylated, fucosylated structures serve as physiologically relevant ligands for E- and P-selectin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - May 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy