Polypeptides synthesized by the paramyxovirus SV5 in infected CV-1 cells were readily identified when the host cell was treated with actinomycin D. The unglycosylated forms of HN and Fo synthesized in infected cells in the presence of tunicamycin and HN and Fo synthesized in vitro were identified by immunoprecipitation with specific antibodies. Separation of SV5-specific poly(A)-containing RNAs on methyl-mercury agarose gels and in vitro translation of fractions, indicated that the viral polypeptides were translated from individual mRNAs except P (Mr ∼ 44K) and the nonstructural polypeptide V (Mr ∼ 24K) for which the mRNAs could not be separated. CDNA copies of SV5-specific mRNAs were synthesized and cloned in plasmid pBR322. Clones to NP, P + V, M, F, and HN were identified by hybrid-arrest and hybrid-selection translation of SV5 mRNAs. Tryptic peptide mapping of polypeptides P and V indicated that the peptides of V were a subset of those of P. Hybridization of cDNA probes to infected cell mRNAs separated on agarose gels permitted identification of the NP, P + V, M, F, and HN mRNAs and presumptive polycistronic mRNAs. The sizes and sequence homologies of these polycistronic mRNAs were used to derive a likely gene order on the SV5 50 S genome RNA.
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