Analysis during sinus rhythm of critical sites in reentry circuits of postinfarction ventricular tachycardia

Frank Bogun*, Birgit Bender, Yi Gang Li, Gerian Groenefeld, Stefan H. Hohnloser, Frank Pelosi, Bradley Knight, S. Adam Strickberger, Fred Morady

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Critical sites within reentry circuits of postinfarction ventricular tachycardia (VT) were identified during sinus rhythm (SR) and VT to determine whether electrogram characteristics during SR may be helpful in identifying successful ablation sites. Methods: In 33 patients (mean age 67 ± 11 yrs) with prior infarction, mapping and radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of 57 hemodynamically-tolerated VT's (cycle length 478 ± 96) were performed. The morphologies of electrograms (EGM) at sites of concealed entrainment (CE) were compared during SR and VT. RF energy was delivered at 94 sites (51 successful and 43 unsuccessful ablation sites). Results: During SR, isolated potentials (IP), but not late potentials (LP) recorded via the mapping catheter, were associated with successful ablation. At 29/39 sites with an IP during sinus rhythm, an isolated diastolic potential (IDP) also was present during VT, whereas at 4 sites IP's were present only during SR (p < 0.001). At 11/29 sites where isolated potentials were present during SR and VT, the morphology of the isolated potential during VT and SR was similar; and all but one of these sites were successful ablation sites (p = 0.01). The EGM amplitude during VT correlated with the amplitude during SR (R = 0.9, p < 0.001). An identical pacemap was present during SR at 33/94 sites; this was not associated with successful ablation. Conclusion: SR mapping may be helpful in identifying critical sites of reentry in postinfarction VT. At sites within the reentry circuit, characteristics of sinus rhythm EGM's that are associated with successful ablation include the presence of IP's, but not the presence of LP's.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2002

Keywords

  • Mapping
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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