Analysis of 15 novel full-length BK virus sequences from three individuals: Evidence of a high intra-strain genetic diversity

Yiping Chen, Paul M. Sharp, Mary Fowkes, Olivier Kocher, Jeffrey T. Joseph, Igor J. Koralnik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the variability of BK virus (BKV) in vivo, the sequences of nine full-length molecular clones from the striated muscle and heart DNA of a patient with BKV-associated capillary leak syndrome (BKVCAP), as well as three clones each from the urine of one human immunodeficiency virus type 2-positive (BKVHI) and one healthy control subject (BKVHC), were analysed. The regulatory region of all clones corresponded to the archetypal regulatory region usually found in urine isolates. Analysis of the predicted conformation of BKVCAP proteins did not suggest any structural differences on the surface of the viral particles compared with BKVHI and BKVHC clones. No amino acid changes common to most BKVCAP clones could be identified that have not already been reported in non-vasculotropic strains. However, the coding region of each clone had unique nucleotide substitutions, and intra-host variability was greater among BKVCAP clones, with a mean difference of 0.29% per site compared with 0.16% for BKVHI and 0.14% for BKVHC. The clones from each strain formed monophyletic clades, suggesting a single source of infection for each subject. The most divergent BKVCAP clones differed at 0.55% of sites, implying a rate of nucleotide substitution of approximately 5 × 10-5 substitutions per site per year, which is two orders of magnitude faster than estimated for the other human polyomavirus, JC virus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2651-2663
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume85
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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