Analysis of Peroxisome Proliferator–induced Preneoplastic and Neoplastic Lesions of Rat Liver for Placental Form of Glutathione S-transferase and 7-Glutamyltranspeptidase

M. Sambasiva Rao, Masae Tatematsu, V. Subbarao, Nobuyuki Ito, Janardan K. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Structurally unrelated peroxisome proliferators induce altered areas (AA), neoplastic nodules (NN), and hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) in rats and mice. In this study we have examined several AA, NN, and HCC induced by Wy-14,643 and ciprofibrate in rats for 7-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) and the placental form of glutathione S-transferase (GST-P) by histochemical and immunohistochemical procedures, respectively. In Wy-14,643-treated animals 96-100% of NN and HCC was negative for both GGT and GST-P. Eighty-seven % of the AA was negative for both GGT and GST-P, and only 2% was positive for both the marker enzymes. In ciprofibrate-treated animals 52% and 75% of AA were negative for GST-P and GGT, respectively, and 16% was positive for both the enzymes. However, a large majority of NN and HCC (more than 95%) was devoid of both these marker enzymes. Thus these studies clearly indicate that the hepatic lesions induced by peroxisome proliferators display different phenotypic properties as compared to the lesions induced by commonly used classical liver carcinogens. We conclude that GGT and GST-P are not the ideal markers for identifying AA, NN and HCC induced by peroxisome proliferators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5287-5290
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Research
Volume46
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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