Analysis of substrate interactions of the Rous sarcoma virus wild type and mutant proteases and human immunodeficiency virus-1 protease using a set of systematically altered peptide substrates

Bjorn Grinde, Craig E. Cameron, Jonathan Leis*, Irene T. Weber, Alexander Wlodawer, Haim Burstein, Anna Marie Skalka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the preceding study, mutant Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) proteases are described in which three amino acids found in the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) protease (PR) were substituted into structurally comparable positions (Grinde, B., Cameron, C. E., Leis, J., Weber, I., Wlodawer, A., Burstein, H., Bizub, D., and Skalka, A. M. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 9481- 9490). In this report, the activity of the wild type and these mutant PRs are compared using a set of RSV NC-PR peptide substrates with single amino acid substitutions in each of the P4 to P3' positions. With most substrates, the relative activities of the two active mutants followed that of the RSV PR. Substitutions in the P1 and P1' positions were an exception; in this case, the mutants behaved more like the HIV-1 PR. These results confirm predictions from structural analyses which indicate that residues 105 and 106 of the RSV PR are important in forming the S1 and S1' binding subsites. These results, further analyzed with the aid of computer modeling of the RSV PR with different substrates, provide an explanation for why only partial HIV-1 PR- like behavior was introduced into the above RSV PR mutants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9491-9498
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number14
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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