Analytic closures for M1 neutrino transport

E. M. Murchikova*, E. Abdikamalov, T. Urbatsch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Carefully accounting for neutrino transport is an essential component of many astrophysical studies. Solving the full transport equation is too expensive for most realistic applications, especially those involving multiple spatial dimensions. For such cases, resorting to approximations is often the only viable option for obtaining solutions. One such approximation, which recently became popular, is the M1 method. It utilizes the system of the lowest two moments of the transport equation and closes the system with an ad hoc closure relation. The accuracy of the M1 solution depends on the quality of the closure. Several closures have been proposed in the literature and have been used in various studies.We carry out an extensive study of these closures by comparing the results of M1 calculations with precise Monte Carlo calculations of the radiation field around spherically symmetric protoneutron star models. We find that no closure performs consistently better or worse than others in all cases. The level of accuracy that a given closure yields depends on the matter configuration, neutrino type and neutrino energy. Given this limitation, the maximum entropy closure by Minerbo on average yields relatively accurate results in the broadest set of cases considered in this work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1725-1737
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017


  • Hydrodynamics
  • Neutrinos
  • Radiative transfer
  • Stars: Evolution
  • Stars: neutron
  • Supernovae: General

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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