Analytical modeling and numerical simulation of the short-wave infrared electron-injection detectors

Yashar Movassaghi, Vala Fathipour, Morteza Fathipour, Hooman Mohseni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


This paper describes comprehensive analytical and simulation models for the design and optimization of the electron-injection based detectors. The electron-injection detectors evaluated here operate in the short-wave infrared range and utilize a type-II band alignment in InP/GaAsSb/InGaAs material system. The unique geometry of detectors along with an inherent negative-feedback mechanism in the device allows for achieving high internal avalanche-free amplifications without any excess noise. Physics-based closed-form analytical models are derived for the detector rise time and dark current. Our optical gain model takes into account the drop in the optical gain at high optical power levels. Furthermore, numerical simulation studies of the electrical characteristics of the device show good agreement with our analytical models as well experimental data. Performance comparison between devices with different injector sizes shows that enhancement in the gain and speed is anticipated by reducing the injector size. Sensitivity analysis for the key detector parameters shows the relative importance of each parameter. The results of this study may provide useful information and guidelines for development of future electron-injection based detectors as well as other heterojunction photodetectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number121102
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Mar 21 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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