Ancestry-informative markers for African Americans based on the Affymetrix Pan-African genotyping array

Xu Zhang, Wenbo Mu, Cong Liu, Wei Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic admixture has been utilized as a tool for identifying loci associated with complex traits and diseases in recently admixed populations such as African Americans. In particular, admixture mapping is an efficient approach to identifying genetic basis for those complex diseases with substantial racial or ethnic disparities. Though current advances in admixture mapping algorithms may utilize the entire panel of SNPs, providing ancestry-informative markers (AIMs) that can differentiate parental populations and estimate ancestry proportions in an admixed population may particularly benefit admixture mapping in studies of limited samples, help identify unsuitable individuals (e.g., through genotyping the most informative ancestry markers) before starting large genome-wide association studies (GWAS), or guide larger scale targeted deep re-sequencing for determining specific disease-causing variants. Defining panels of AIMs based on commercial, high-throughput genotyping platforms will facilitate the utilization of these platforms for simultaneous admixture mapping of complex traits and diseases, in addition to conventional GWAS. Here, we describe AIMs detected based on the Shannon Information Content (SIC) or Fst for African Americans with genome-wide coverage that were selected from ∼2.3 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covered by the Affymetrix Axiom Pan-African array, a newly developed genotyping platformoptimized for individuals of African ancestry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere660
JournalPeerJ
Volume2014
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Admixture mapping
  • African American
  • Ancestry-informative marker
  • Pan-African array
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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