Carotid artery aneurysms are an uncommon but important problem. The available data suggests that, untreated, these aneurysms lead to neurologic symptoms from embolization. Pseudoaneurysms of the carotid artery result from injury or may be the long-term sequelae of a spontaneous carotid dissection. While open surgery has been the primary mode of treatment, these aneurysms are being treated more commonly with endovascular approaches. This trend is partly the result of the increasing experience with the endovascular treatment of carotid artery stenosis. The endovascular approach offers advantages in other situations where open access to the distal extent of the aneurysm is difficult or neck radiation leads to concerns about wound healing. This article outlines the etiology, new diagnostic modalities, and treatment of aneurysms of the carotid artery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine