Angiogenic Factor AGGF1 Promotes Therapeutic Angiogenesis in a Mouse Limb Ischemia Model

Qiulun Lu, Yihong Yao, Yufeng Yao, Shizhi Liu, Yuan Huang, Shan Lu, Ying Bai, Bisheng Zhou, Yan Xu, Lei Li, Nan Wang, Li Wang, Jie Zhang, Xiang Cheng, Gangjian Qin, Wei Ma, Chengqi Xu, Xin Tu*, Qing Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common disease accounting for about 12% of the adult population, and causes significant morbidity and mortality. Therapeutic angiogenesis using angiogenic factors has been considered to be a potential treatment option for PAD patients. In this study, we assessed the potential of a new angiogenic factor AGGF1 for therapeutic angiogenesis in a critical limb ischemia model in mice for PAD. Methods and Results: We generated a unilateral hindlimb ischemia model in mice by ligation of the right common iliac artery and femoral artery. Ischemic mice with intrasmuscular administration of DNA for an expression plasmid for human AGGF1 (AGGF1 group) resulted in increased expression of both AGGF1 mRNA and protein after the administration compared with control mice with injection of the empty vector (control group). Color PW Doppler echocardiography showed that the blood flow in ischemic hindlimbs was significantly increased in the AGGF1 group compared to control mice at time points of 7, 14, and 28 days after DNA administration (n = 9/group, P = 0.049, 0.001, and 0.001, respectively). Increased blood flow in the AGGF1 group was correlated to increased density of CD31-positive vessels and decreased necrosis in muscle tissues injected with AGGF1 DNA compared with the control tissue injected with the empty vector. Ambulatory impairment was significantly reduced in the AGGF1 group compared to the control group (P = 0.004). The effect of AGGF1 was dose-dependent. At day 28 after gene transfer, AGGF1 was significantly better in increasing blood flow than FGF-2 (P = 0.034), although no difference was found for tissue necrosis and ambulatory impairment. Conclusions: These data establish AGGF1 as a candidate therapeutic agent for therapeutic angiogenesis to treat PAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere46998
JournalPloS one
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Angiogenic Factor AGGF1 Promotes Therapeutic Angiogenesis in a Mouse Limb Ischemia Model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this