Angiotensin-converting enzyme preferentially hydrolyzes trans isomer of proline-containing substrate

M. P. Merker*, C. A. Dawson, R. D. Bongard, D. L. Roerig, S. T. Haworth, J. H. Linehan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


An analysis of the hydrolysis kinetics of the synthetic angiotensin- converting enzyme (ACE) substrate benzoyl-phenylalanyl-alanyl-proline (BPAP) in the intact lung suggested that 12-15% of the BPAP was in a form that could not be hydrolyzed by ACE in the time course of a single pass through the lungs [C. A. Dawson et al. Am. J. Physiol. 257 (Heart Circ. Physiol. 26): H853-H865, 1989]. BPAP has been found to exist as a mixture of cis and trans isomers in a ratio of ~14:86 in aqueous solution at equilibrium. Thus, one possible explanation for the incomplete hydrolysis of BPAP on passage through the intact lung is that the trans form is the preferred substrate for ACE. To examine this hypothesis, we measured BPAP hydrolysis by ACE in vitro over a range of ACE concentrations and in the presence and absence of the peptidyl- prolyl cis-trans isomerase cyclophilin. In the presence of a sufficient concentration of ACE and in the absence of cyclophilin, hydrolysis of [3H]BPAP by ACE followed biexponential progress curves, consistent with the hypothesis that the rate of hydrolysis of the majority (~87%) of the substrate is proportional to ACE concentration, whereas the hydrolysis rate of the remaining substrate fraction is independent of enzyme concentration. The addition of cyclophilin resulted in an increase in the ACE-independent rate constant, an effect that was reversed by the cyclophilin inhibitor cyclosporin A. These results suggest that the enzyme-independent rate constant represents the rate of cis-trans isomerization and that the enzyme- dependent rate constant represents the hydrolysis of the trans isomer. Thus, these data are consistent with the hypothesis that ACE preferentially hydrolyzes the trans isomer of BPAP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1519-1524
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993


  • cyclophilin
  • cyclosporin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Angiotensin-converting enzyme preferentially hydrolyzes trans isomer of proline-containing substrate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this